by Devashree Naik
Who is the current Chairperson and the CEO of the second largest food and beverage business in the world known for being the architect of the sustainability business model in that company?
Answer: Indra Nooyi
At the age of 51, Indra Nooyi assumed the role of the President and
CEO of the PepsiCo in 2006 and was promoted to the role of Chairperson in 2007. She has since been the chief architect of Performance with Purpose, PepsiCo’s promise to do what’s right for the business by doing what’s right for people and the planet. This Mrs. Nooyi calls a “future-proof” model, the PepsiCo’s commitment to sustained growth with a focus on human, environmental, and talent sustainability and performance. In 2015, amid much controversy and shock to the investors, she pronounced that the PepsiCo is no longer a soda company. In her tenure of a Leader of largest food and beverage giant, she has been vocal about changing the image of the organization from a sugary carbonated beverage making company to a company that has a nice mix of healthy and fun products in its product line.
Indra Nooyi was born in Madras (now Chennai) in Tamil Nadu state in India. Growing up in a conservative Brahmin family, her homemaker mother instilled in her the confidence and a quality to push back against adversity, which Indra strongly believes being responsible for her success in the male-dominated industry. She holds a B.S. from Madras Christian College, an M.B.A. from the Indian Institute of Management in Calcutta and a Master’s of Public and Private Management from Yale University. She has consistently ranked among the world’s 100 most powerful women.
In addition to being a member of the PepsiCo Board of Directors, Mrs. Nooyi serves as a member of the boards of U.S.-India Business Council, The Consumer Goods Forum, Catalyst, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts and Tsinghua University. She is also a member of the Foundation Board of the World Economic Forum, the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and was appointed to the U.S.-India CEO Forum by the Obama Administration. Apart from her professional career, she was a lead guitar player in an all-women rock band in her hometown of Madras, India and was a cricket player in college. Her former boss at PepsiCo and now dean of business schools at Wake Forest University, Steven Reinemund, fondly talks about her as “a deeply caring person” who “can relate to people from the boardroom to the front line.”
by Zaquoya Rogers
This weekend, I found out about these following feminist movies:
The Hours (2002) – A British-American drama film focusing on three women of different generations whose lives are interconnected by the novel Mrs Dalloway by Virginia Woolf. Critical reaction to the film was mostly positive, with nine Academy Award nominations for The Hours including Best Picture, and a win for Nicole Kidman as Best Actress.
Daughters of the Dust (1991) – An independent film, and the firs feature film directed by an African-American woman to be distributed theatrically in the U.S. The film follows three generations of women on St. Helena Island as they prepare to migrate north. Cinematographer Arthur Japha won the top cinematography prize at the Sundance 1991 dramatic competition for the film.
Persepolis (2007) – A french animated film based on Marjane Satrapi‘s autobiographical graphic novel of the same name. The story centers around a young girl coming of age against the backdrop of the Iranian Revolution. The film co-won the Jury Prize at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival and was also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature.
I haven’t yet watched them but it makes me ask, “What makes a movie feminist?” I took to Google to find out what criteria or guide to determine how the judgement is made. I found that there was a test called Bechdel test made in 1985 that states that to be a feminist movie, it has to have two female characteristics and one scene in which they talked about something other than a man.
My reaction: *???!???!??* But later in my research, I found out that its intention was not to judge if a movie is feminist, but to determine if, personally, it is worth spending money. With feminism in film, it takes more than adding more women and allowing them to, you know, ACTUALLY talk about important things. To me, it is showing women as they truly are: independent, diverse, strong and empowered.
by Thea Voutiritsas
This woman is a former stewardess and union leader who led a landmark sex discrimination case in the airline industry.
Answer: Barbara “Dusty” Roads
image via pbs.org
Barbara “Dusty” Roads is a former stewardess and union leader who led a landmark sex discrimination case in the airline industry. From a young age, she loved aviation, but gave up on that dream in her teens when her father told her, “You can’t be an airline pilot darling, they don’t hire ladies.” She thought becoming a flight attendant would be the next best thing. However, she claims it was not a career at the time; it was more of a transition between graduating college and finding “Mr. Right.” Roads wasn’t much interested in finding a Mr. Right, and preferred to stay with the airline.
When airlines began imposing age limits on flight stewardesses and forcing women out at age 32, she became frustrated. In an interview with PBS, Roads said,
“It made me angry, it really did. It violated my sense of fair play. The pilots could work until age 60 and we were fired at age 32. Something was wrong there. It just violated my midwestern core value of fair play.”
“[These rules] were in place when I joined the airline in 1950. And it was a real strange thing, but we accepted the fact that we were fired when we got married. They expected women to get fat and ugly when they got married and had babies. They felt you wouldn’t devote as much attention to the job as you should. Pilots – men — could be married, but it was different for a woman.”
The airlines wanted to sell the image of a young, single girl that would appeal to male passengers. However, Roads wasn’t buying it. She became a union officer in LA, then a national officer, and soon wanted to become an advocate for all flight attendants. “Finally,” she said, “I was interested in all women. And now I’m interested in humanity.” In July 1965, Roads and her fellow stewardesses were at the doorstep of the Equal Opportunities Employment Commission (EEOC). By 1968, the EEOC issued a ruling prohibiting age ceilings or marriage bans in the airline industry.
by Matiara Huff
Question 5: Who is the first African-American woman to lead an S&P 500 company and currently serves as a founding board director of ‘Change the Equation’?
By U.S. Government Printing Office [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
was the first black women to become the CEO of a fortune 500
company. She became CEO of Xerox
in July 2009 until December 2016. In 2014 Forbes
rated her the 22nd
most powerful women in the world. Though both of her parents were Panamanian immigrants, she was raised by her mother alone in a housing project in New York.
Her career at Xerox began as a summer internship which turned into a permanent position a year later when she finished her master’s degree at Columbia University. In January 1990, she became an executive assistant to a then senior executive. In June 1991, she became the executive assistant to then chairman and chief executive Paul Allaire. In 1999 she became vice president for global manufacturing. In May 2000, she became senior vice president of corporate strategic services where she worked closely with soon to be CEO Anne Mulcahy. They both described it as a true partnership.
Since she finished working at Xerox, Burns has become a founding Board Member of Change the Equation, which is an organization working to improve STEM-based education.
by Thea Voutiritsas
Feminism (n.) is officially defined as the advocacy of women’s rights on the basis of the equality of the sexes. So, why do people ask me if I hate men? What do feminists do? Is feminism even necessary anymore? Aren’t we all equal already? These are the kinds of questions classmates and coworkers ask me, and even my friends. Maybe these questions can be seen as a nuisance, but I see them as a chance to open up a conversation. Finally, someone gave me an open door! And I stay ready to take advantage of it.
Once, a coworker asked me, “So you, like, hate men, right?” To which I replied, “Of course not.”
“Well, you’re a feminist? Don’t you wanna ‘crush the patriarchy,’ or whatever?” he asked.
I tried to hide my excitement. Honestly, I was just happy that someone actually cared enough to ask. I told him that I didn’t think feminism was anti-male. It pushes for equality. I told him that I imagine he probably wants equality too, and that the patriarchy doesn’t help with that. It places expectations on both him and me to act a certain way, and I didn’t think we had to abide by those expectations. I believe we should be free to be who we are, and to pursue what we want without the social roadblocks that are tied to gender.
I was happy to explain that feminism isn’t tied to aggression, and I was overjoyed to see that someone not only saw me as a feminist, but saw me as someone they could ask about it.
by Ann Varner
Who was the first woman stockbroker who demanded and got the right to join her male trainees on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange?
Answer: Norma Yaegar
Norma Yaeger was born in 1930 in New York City. As most women did in the 1950’s, Norma married young and started a family right away. She relied on her husband to support their family. When Norma’s husband lost his job, Norma decided she wanted to work in stock exchange and enrolled in the Hornblower and Weeks Inc. stockbroker training program in 1962. Not only was Norma the first woman to graduate a stockbroker training program, Norma fought to have equal pay as well as walk on the New York Stock Exchange floor – was the first woman to do so. Norma remarried after her divorce and moved to California. In 1981, she started her own brokerage firm, Yaeger Securities. She had licenses with many different exchanges. If you are interested in knowing more about this trailblazing woman, she has written a book called “Breaking Down the Walls”.
by Thea Voutiritsas
This woman was the plaintiff in the famous American employment discrimination case that led to the passing of Fair Pay Act in 2009.
Answer: Lilly Ledbetter
image via lillyledbetter.com
Lilly Ledbetter was the plaintiff in the employment discrimination case Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., which led to the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009. Ledbetter worked for Goodyear from 1979 to 1998. Upon her retirement, she sued the company for paying her significantly less than her male counterparts. When the lawsuit reached the Supreme Court, it was denied because she did not file within 180 days of her first paycheck. Ledbetter argued that she did not know of the pay discrepancy at the time. United States Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg wrote in defense of Ledbetter, stating:
“Initially, Ledbetter’s salary was in line with the salaries of men performing substantially similar work. Over time, however, her pay slipped in comparison to the pay of male area managers with equal or less seniority. By the end of 1997… Ledbetter was paid $3,727 per month; the lowest paid male area manager received $4,286 permonth, the highest paid $5,236.”
Ledbetter’s case and Ginsburg’s dissent led to the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, which was introduced in 2007. The Act revised the law to allow for claims of discrimination to be included, even if they occurred outside of the 180-day statue of limitations. In 2009, Congress passed and President Barack Obama signed the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act into law.
Ledbetter’s case proved that discrimination often takes place in small increments over time, and in ways that are difficult to measure and sometimes even harder to prove. Without knowledge of her coworker’s salary, on top of her slowly dwindling paycheck, it was hard for Ledbetter to take action against the discrimination she was experiencing. However, her fight for equal pay paved the way for future cases, and exposed the problems of insidious discrimination.
By Thea Voutiritsas
While K-12 female and male students, in general, perform equally well on math and science in standardized tests, studies show that the rates of science and engineering course taking for women and girls begins to curtail around the beginning of higher education.
click to enlarge
Women make up half of the total U.S. college educated workforce, but only make up about 29 percent of workers in science and engineering fields. Women are wildly underrepresented in all STEAM fields (science, technology, engineering, the arts, and math).
- 35.2% of chemists are women;
- 11.1% of physicists and astronomers are women;
- 33.8% of environmental engineers are women;
- 22.7% of chemical engineers are women;
- 17.5% of civil, architectural, and sanitary engineers are women;
- 17.1% of industrial engineers are women;
- 10.7% of electrical or computer hardware engineers are women; and
- 7.9% of mechanical engineers are women.
So, what can we do? Let’s talk about it. Let’s do the research. Let’s spotlight the role models. Don’t miss our Wiki Women Edit-A-Thon this Saturday in the Miller Nichols Library iX Theater, 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. Snacks will be provided.
by Ann Varner
Hello, I’m Ann and I have just started working at the UMKC Women’s Center. I transferred to UMKC this year after obtaining my radiography degree. I am now pursuing a chemistry degree and have plans to go to medical school. I became interested in the Women’s Center as soon as I found out about it. I changed a Kansas City, Missouri law for my pet pig, so acting upon what I care about, making a difference, and progressive movements are important to me, much like the Women’s Center’s views. I am excited to learn more about feminism as well as use what I’ve learned to excite others.
by Zaquoya Rogers
Who serves as the Chairperson and the CEO of one of the fastest growing Women-Owned Business in the United States and served as the Presidential Ambassador for Global Entrepreneurship in 2014?
Answer: Nina Vaca
By Nina Vaca [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Nina Vaca is one independent Latina who is not only a civil leader, but the CEO and chairman of Pinnacle Group, which was named the fastest growing women-owned business in the U.S. 2015. Born in Quito, Ecuador, Vaca was inspired by her parents who owned several small business in LA. She attended Texas State University and graduated in 1994 with a Bachelor of Arts in Speech Communications and a minor in Business Administration. She later received education from Harvard Business School and holds honorary doctorates from Northwood University, Mount Mary University, Berkeley College. She currently serves as a Presidential Ambassador for Global Entrepreneurship
(PAGE) through the United States Department of Commerce and sits on the boards of three publicly-traded companies. Vaca is part of the 2016 Class of Henry Crown Fellows, from the Aspen Institute
, a new generation of leaders to positively impact society. Vaca is part of the 100 CEO Leaders in STEM publication by STEMconnector
, in an effort to identify, showcase, and honor STEM leadership.
Vaca has also served as a Mentor for the Peace Through Business program, a business training and mentorship program for women entrepreneurs in Afghanistan and Rwanda. In addition, she is a member of the Young Presidents’ Organization, the Women Presidents’ Organization, and the Dallas Citizens Council. She is also active in the Women’s Business Enterprise National Council (WBENC) – Southwest, as well as the DFW National Minority Supplier Development Council.